Plondiv May 2004

Agenda for the FC-meeting in Plovdiv on Thursday 6 May 2004

Address:

(Time: 9.00 – 16.00 a.m.)


1. Opening and Announcements
• Short presentation of new members

2. Minutes of the meeting of the:
Federal Council in Roskilde on 2 October 2003
• Executive Committee in Amsterdam on 30 January 2004

3. Membership
• Le Reseau National des Communatés Educatives (RNCE)
Le RNCE is the successor of Ance France; the documents we received are in French. In the meeting of the FC more detailed information will be given.
FICE Austria
Denmark
Estonia
Israel
FICE Netherlands
FICE - Russia
FICE - Scotland

4. Finances

5. Report of the Vice Presidents
• David Lane
• Martti Kemppainen
• Daniel Vidaud
o UNESCO / Council of Europe [/ ECOSOC]

6. Projects:
• Actual situation projects
o Africa (see report Daviel Vidaud, agenda item 5)
o South-East Europe
o PEP
o International contacts: cooperation IFCO
Evaluation of Research proposals and support of projects (enclosure Ewan Anderson)

7. ENQASP

8. PR Material:
• Results questionnaire

9. Congress in Glasgow September 2004
• Andrew Hosie will not attend in the meeting. Jennifer Davidson, the new Director of SIRCC, will participate in the FC. She will inform the FC about the congress in Glasgow.

10. FICE Europe

11. Any other business
Resolution

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Report FICE-Austria

Monika Niederle – April 2004

Activities of FICE-Austria during the last months:

• FICE-Austria is cooperating with SOS-KINDERDORF and with IFCO in a very big pan-European Project. We have started a process, the aim of which is to register and improve the quality of the care of children who cannot live in their biological family (best practices and quality standards).

Goals of this project:
Europe is uniting. Soon ten new membercountries will join the European Union. Others are also preparing to do so. We believe that apart from the economic development there must also be improvement in the social field. Especially for children living outside their biological family. From an extensive, pan-European exchange of experiences in terms of best practices in 32 countries we want to derive standards describing the minimum requirements on good care quality as well as to support theit implementation.

In June 2005 there will be held a big Congress in Gmunden, Upper Austria, its title is:
Quality in the best interest of the child!
European quality standards for children in out-of-home care.

• We are partners for FICE-Rumenia concerning their project against drug-abuse.

• We were partners at a socialpedagogic congress in March in Graz, titled "Arbeit in Gegensätzen"
• (working in contrasts)

• We are working together with Peoples Advocates in the Czech Republik concerning bad practice in residential care for young criminals.

• We are planning our cooperation with other institutions (Ludwig Boltzmann-Institut, Municipality of Vienna-Competence-Center agianst Drugs) concerning a congress at the beginning of 2005.

• We are busy to get new members.

• We are in a planning status for a web-site.

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Annual report from FICE-Denmark

Søren Hegstrup - April 2004


After the FC in Roskilde we have had the pleasure that our Vice-President, Troels Lohmann, has received a fine prize by Red Barnet (Save the child). He got the prize for the way he has developed children´s democracy at Orostrand. (The place we visited Saturday at the last FC). Of course we are very proud on behalf of Troels!
We have a developing project together with Red Barnet. Late May 2004 - we are going to plan the project in details.
On our homepage we have made a special site, where Danish FICE-members can look for summerhouses, cottages etc. The idea is that alle member institutions can “swob” or rent a place for the kids during holidays. Our aim is that alle FICE sections are doing the same - so that we can have links to each other - and swobbing cheap or free places to go with the kids that seldom (or never) go abroad.
We decided to have a new editor for our FICE periodical magazine. Karen Scott has accepted to be the new editor. Her first challenge is to cover the FC in Bulgaria. Ole Rasmussen is joining her as the other Danish participant. Unfortunately I am not coming. See you alle in Glasgow!

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Estonian Children's Fund

Sirje Grossmann – Loot, April 2004


After the meeting in Roskilde I contacted the adviser from social welfare department in Ministry of Social Affairs - Monika Luik - and forwarded her the information discussed in Roskilde. She will give the information to the heads of children's homes.

Also I informed our Ministry of Social Affairs about the legislation concerning children and youth protection in Hungary.

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April report of Fice-Israel (IRECA)

Since the Federal Council meeting in Roskilde, Fice-Israel members concentrated their efforts in the following domains:

1. Involvement in a public and professional discussion about length of stay in residential care
The Ministry of welfare is trying to establish a new rule limiting the stay of children in residential care to a maximum of three years. The rational is that the orientation of staff should be geared towards returning the child back to his family as soon as it is possible. Fice-Israel's attitude is opposing any kind of formal regulations that are not compatible with the characteristics of children and youth at risk. These populations should be dealt without precondition conceptions. We believe that true child-centered orientation necessities open minded decisions at every particular case, taking into consideration only the real and genuine needs of every particular child and his family.

2. organization of a big National meeting in Sfeya youth village (December 2003), concerning implementation of children's rights of youth in residential care
During the winter school vacations, almost 500 residential educators participated in a National gathering of Fice-Israel members focused on children's rights in out-of-home placements. The subject is most relevant nowadays in Israel, after the publication in November 2003 of a comprehensive report on the topic, proposing a new legislation that should guarantee the implementation of the international principles, in our children's homes and youth villages.

3. Joint seminar in Israel with a delegation of Fice-Romania (December 2003).
In December 2003, Fice-Israel hosted an important delegation of Fice-Romania, for another joint-seminar dedicated to the topic of children's rights in residential care.

The Romanian colleagues visited different types of out-of-home placements, were received by the Mayor of Rishon Letzion who presented them his point of view about education and social programs for youth at risk, and were received in the "Knesset" (Israeli Parliament), by the Head of the integration committee. A very interesting and challenging professional seminar was held in Ayanott youth village with active participation of delegates both from Fice-Israel and Fice-Romania.

4. Preparation of an Israeli delegation for Glasgow Congress.
We have developed a tradition of preparing a delegation of Fice-Israel members participating in Fice-Congress and also making some professional visits in the country hosting the congress. We hope to have the same kind of program in September 2004 and we are already working on the organization of such programs.

Dr. Emmanuel Grupper
President, Fice-Israel (IRECA) 22 April 2004

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Report of FICE-The Netherlands, April 2004

In the last half year as usual the greatest part of the activities of the Dutch FICE-section has taken place abroad, in particular in the region of South-East Europa and Bulgaria and Rumania. For these part of the activities we refer to a special Report that is sent to all the FICE-members, in which the activities of our President Anton Tobé and of our Treasurer Aad Vroon are written. In our opinion it gives of good impression of our real FICE-work: international co-operation in practise.
International co-operation also was the subject of a special conference for institutions, held in November 2003, where was spoken how to start and to continue good and valuable direct co-operation between institutions for youth-care in The Netherlands and in an other country. Two representatives of foreign youth-care institutions (from Bulgaria and from Rumania) shared that conference to explain how their co-operation worked in practise.
A group of German workers in the field of Foster-care visited our country for one week to learn about the system here. FICE-NL is involved in a new initiative: next summer Foster-parents and their children are invited to have holiday together with a special program in which the children have their own activities and the parents can be free and/or exchange their experience with their colleagues. For the first year German and Belgian parents are invited too.
FICE-NL is changing its own working system. Mrs Ina Postma, who was a member of the board and also the Dutch PEP co-ordinator, is asked to support the board in activities in our own country. She is supporting now a lot of working groups with special interests and we hope to stimulate more people to work for and with FICE. One of them is another conference about a new system of support the workers with Minor Asylants. The new hard rules from the government for this group of young people make it difficult to work for them, because they have no good perspective for the future in The Netherlands.
FICE-NL is also involved in the publishing of the Dutch (but in English written) book: “How to work methodically in residential settings”, which is recently translated in the Russian language. FICE-NL intends to place that book as disposal for all the members of FICE-International which are interested in it. We will give more explanation during the conference in Bulgaria next May.
(We repeat: see also the Report of the activities of FICE-NL in South-East Europa, Builgaria and Rumania)

Wim Kok, secretary FICE-NL

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Report of the situation in PEP

In the Roskilde meeting I gathered updated information of PEP-coordinators, who were willing to continue in the program. Those coordinators are listed on the next page. In addition to that, France will join PEP again after they get their national situation better. The list will be supplemented any time when a FICE member country informs me of their interest in participation in PEP.

Here are the news in PEP after Roskilde.

o The Indian candidate canceled her coming to Finland 10 just two weeks before the start of her fellowship, because of problems with visa and the climate.
o A Bulgarian candidate has applied for a fellowship in the Netherlands.
o A German and a Dutch candidate has applied for a fellowship in England. PEP England-Wales reported about some problems concerning the network of institutions available for PEP-Placements at the moment.
o A German candidate has applied and been accepted for a fellowship in Finland. She will start on th 10th of May -04.


I have started to gather the History of PEP-Fellowship. So far I've got information from Danmark, Netherlands and Scotland.

Fellow / Country Host Country Time Report

1. Mr. Matti Jokinen from Finland Czech republic 2.4. – 5.6. 1997 In Finnish
2. Ms. Marja-Liisa Helminen from Finland Denmark 28.4 – 1.6. 1997 In Finnish
3. Ms. Paula Toukonen from Finland Germany 10.11.-22.12.1997 In English
4. Ms. Pirjo Vesala from Finland England 31.8. – 28.9.1999 In English
5. Ms. Regina Weissenstein from Germany Finland 21.5. – 22.7.2001 none
6. Mr. Herman Lintelman from Germany Scotland Oct. – Dec. 2002
7. Ms. Diana Ruseva from Bulgaria France 25.4 – 21.6.2003 In French
8. Ms. Eline van Schaik/Netherlands Bulgaria 15.9.03 – 30.11.2003 In Dutch
9. Ms. Stephanie Köster from Germany Finland May – June 2004

To the last page I enclose a simple figure of the process and structure of PEP in order to give a picture of what PEP is about.


Helsinki 28.4.2004
Sari Laaksonen
PEP National Coordinators 24.10.2003



BULGARIA
DASHENKA TASHKOVA
22 Skobelev Blvd. Sofia 1463
Tel.: +359-2950 1710 Fax: +359-2950 1711
e-mail: ficebg@prolink.bg

DANMARK
SOREN HEGSTRUP
Lillevangsparken 25, 4200 Slagelse
Denmark
Tel. W. +45-4045-7971 Fax . +45-5545-3391
Tel P. +45-4045-7971
E-mail: s@hegstrup.dk

ENGLAND-WALES
KATHLEEN LANE
26 Marriott Grove, Sandal Wakefield
West Yorkshire WF2 6RP
United Kingdom
Tel./Fax +44-1924-251-160
Mobile: +44-7946-674-467
E-mail: post@kathleenlane.org

GERMANY
XENIA SPERNAU
IgfH
Schaumainkai 101-103,
D-60596 Frankfurt a.M.
Germany
Tel.W. ++49-69-633-986-13
Fax W. ++49-69-633-986-25
xenia.spernau@igfh.de

FINLAND
SARI LAAKSONEN
Central union of Child Welfare
Armfeltintie 1,SF-00150 Helsinki 15
Tel. + 358-9-32-960-205,
Mobile + 358-40-746-9984
Fax + 358-9-32-960-299
e-mail sari.laksonen@lskl.fi
HUNGARY
LÀSZLÒ CSÒKAY
Huvösvölgyi út 165, H-1021 Budapest
Hungary
Tel./ Fax W. ++36-1-200-7961
Tel. P. ++36-23-424-329
E-mail: fice@mail.ngo.hu

INDIA
MALAY DEWANJI
Liberal Association For Movement of People LAMP
66, Surya Sen Street, Kolkata – 700009
India
Tel. W. ++91-33-241-7469/8496
Fax W. ++91-33-241-6983
Tel. P. ++91-11-220-2190
E-mail: guplamp@cal.vsnl.net.in / lamp_org@hotmail.com

ISRAEL
EMMANUEL GRUPPER
P.O.Box 9419
Hashlosha str. 2, 61094 Tel Aviv
Israel
Tel.W. ++972-3-689-8758
Fax W. ++972-3-689-8759/689-8761
Tel. P. ++972-4-632-6782
Fax P. ++972-4-6330666
E-mail : emang@netvision.net.il

NETHERLANDS
INA POSTMA
Lage weide 12
8096 VC OLDEBROEK
Tel: 0525 - 633933
Fax: 0525 - 630050
e-mail: postmakolk@planet.nl


SCOTLAND
ANDREW HOSIE
Scottish Institute for Residential Child Care
National Office
76 Southbrae Drive, Glasgow G13 1PP
Scotland
Tel 44 141 950 3683
Fax 44 141 950 2681
Email a.hosie@strath.ac.uk

SWITZERLAND
ROLF WIDMER
C/o Internationaler Sozialdienst
CH-1469
10, Rue dr. Alfred Vincent, 1211 Genève
Switzerland
Tel. W. ++41-22-731-6700
Fax W. ++41-22-731-6765
Tel. P. ++41-21-653-5865
Fax P. ++41-21-653-5867
Mobile :++41-794-058-470
E-mail: rolfwidmer@swissonline.ch

REPUBLIC OF SLOVAKIA
DR. LUCIA TAKACOVA
Lermontova 7
81105 Bratislava
Tel.: 00421-25 44 33 059
Fax: 00421-25 44 10 972
E-mail: v17@fedu.uniba.sk



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The Evaluation of Research Proposals and Support of Projects

1 It is proposed that FICE should establish a mechanism which could :

(a) allow FICE-International to check the quality of research proposals,
(b) strengthen proposals submitted by offering FICE’s imprimatur,
(c) offer FICE members a better chance to collaborate by participating in programmes proposed for approval,
(d) provide ongoing support for research projects,
(e) offer researchers the chance to network through FICE,
(f) enable FICE to obtain funding through charges for its vetting and support.

2 To achieve these aims, it is proposed that FICE should establish a small Research Committee of about six members, who would be experienced researchers. Any single proposal would be considered by three members of the Committee, who would be able to advise on the subject matter, the aims of the research and the working methods to be adopted. The Committee would decide whether to offer FICE’s approval, and would report to the Federal Council on its activities at each meeting.

3 Projects are already being undertaken in FICE’s name, and this approach would simply regularise the processes which should already be applied, and reduce the risk to FICE of being linked with research projects which are badly framed or insufficiently thought through.


Ewan Anderson
12th October 2003



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FICE - RUSSIA

Tatiana Barsukova, Vice president of AEPCh was decorated with the ORDER of HONOR of RF

2 members of the AEPCh were awarded out of 25 nominees for the whole of Russia

During the last six months the major activities of FICE - Russia were the following
1. The opening of the State rehabilitation ?enter for drug addicted minors. It took us two years of meetings, writing documents, pushing the Moscow government, to face the most acute problem of street children coming to Moscow from all over Russia.
The Vice president of the Association Mr. Dmitry KORENIAK was promoted to the post of the director of the center. All members of the AEPCh are involved in the activities of this Center.

2. Taking in view the alarming problem of children and families at risk: growing number of social orphans in residential centers of Moscow ( that also have grown) and a number of parents living literary in the streets whose children are in residential shelters and in order to restore ties between abandoned children and their parents, the AEPCh took the decision to set up a new Rehabilitation Center for families and parents at risk in Moscow region (45 km from Moscow) in the beautiful church area of Sofrino. Dutch foundation “Otradnoye” together with AEPCh is involved in this project.

3. Preparation of the Business plan for the development of the Association for the coming three years.
4. Preparation the project “Train the trainer” for those having university diplomas in youth care and professional experience not less than five years.

5. Organized and participated in Forums and conferences in Moscow, city of Belgorod, city of Orenburg, city of Tomsk, city of Novosibirsk, city of Kemerovo on the themes:
- 1stWorld Forum “On complex children Emergencies” (Appeal is attached)
- organization of residential care institutions
- recruiting personnel
- organization of work with children at risk
- peculiarities of work with families and children at risk.

6. Organization and participation in two Moscow and regional conferences:
- March 2004, “Who is responsible for a child destiny”
- April 2004, “The role of NGOs in prevention of drugs among children and adolescence”.
7. Conducted seminars and questionnaires for 2000 adolescents from the age of 13 – 17 on the topic of “Negative effects of taking drugs”.
Conducted 39 meetings with parents in six schools of Moscow on the problems of drugs.
8. Organized a youth competition for sending young people from social universities to the international Lions youth camps in Finland, Denmark, Holland, Portugal, Slovenia, Canada, Japan.
9. On the premises of FICE – Russia contributed to the organization of “Medical Educational Information Center on the problems of children in complex emergencies”.
10. Conducted two Association meetings in January and April dedicated to the FICE network in Russia
with giving broad information on the activities of FICE - Inter and the Congress in Glasgow. A report was sent to Glasgow from AEPCh.
Two more professional organizations: NGO “SAMU Social Moscow”, working in urgent children situations and NGO “Psychological Institute” were admitted as fully potential members of the Association and FICE - Russia.

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SCOTLAND

Andrew Hosie, Secretary
April 2004


FICE (Scotland) has been actively involved with SIRCC in the organisation of the Congress 2004. The Board was formed consisting of Ranald Mair, President, Meg Lindsay, Treasurer and Andrew Hosie Secretary. We have also been able to create a National Committee comprising members from different sectors of work with children and young people.

The President is taking lead responsibility for those National Sections who wish to undertake a study tour either before or after Congress. Others who wish to have such a tour are asked to contact him at rmair@geilsland.bosr.org.uk

Our next meeting will have as a speaker the Chief Inspector of Social Work at the Scottish Executive and we are looking forward to a useful exchange of views on the future of work with children and young people in Scotland. We have recently had the appointment of a Commissioner for Children and have been in contact with her offering our best wishes for her task.

We now have our own web site which is currently hosted by SIRCC.

FICE Scotland intends to seek full membership of FICE Inter at the General Assembly in Glasgow this coming September.

Andrew Hosie


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Progress youth care projects in South-Eastern Europe (1 May 2004)
(update to report of 31 August 2003)


Let’s start this overview with the situation in Serbia. In Belgrade, excellent liaisons have been established with the “Centre for the Welfare of Infants, Children and Adolescents”, the largest institution for youth care in the capital as well as in the country. The board and management team are innovation-driven, even if this would imply shifting from residential to ambulant work.
One of the homes, ‘Drinka Pavlovic’, started cooperating with the Stichting De Eik Foundation from Oldenzaal, the Netherlands, after our mediation. Introduction visits were paid, and currently plans are being prepared for knowledge exchange.
Another house took in approximately 300 babies and toddlers, the majority of which is waiting for a foster family. However, foster parents are not widely available, and therefore it was decided to introduce a foster care programme in Serbia. As announced in the previous report, we organised an induction training in October, in cooperation with Fice Serbia, in order to allow interested people to be introduced to the so-called ‘Pride’ programme, focusing on training workers and future foster parents. This pilot proved to be a great success. 30 trainees, primarily employees of ‘Social Centres’ throughout Serbia, attended. The Ministry also sent 5 representatives to this meeting. The attendees were unanimous in their enthusiasm regarding the possibilities for implementation of this programme in Serbia.
Subsequently, Fice-nl decided to submit an application for a so-called Matra project to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. A specialised consultancy prepared the application on a no cure no pay basis, and the application was submitted by the beginning of March. This concerns a major project (and budget):, based on the so-called ‘train the trainers model’, carried out by the Stichting Op Kleine Schaal foundation, which accumulated extensive experience with similar projects in, for example, Estonia, Hungary and the Czech Republic. Eventually, this initiative is expected to result in foster parents for hundreds of children. Fice-nl and Fice Serbia are closely cooperating on this project, which eventually, as a side-effect, will also lead to a reinforcement of the local youth care network structure. We expect word from the Ministry about this application in the course of May.

As reported at an earlier stage, in South-Eastern Europe we also pay a substantial amount of attention to employment opportunities for young people who are leaving the youth care institutions after turning 18. In the context of the ‘business and care’ principle, a plan was developed in Belgrade to establish a laundry service where many young people can gain work experience. The intention is for this laundry service to become entirely self-supporting within a few years’ time. Hospitals and other care institutions already showed great willingness to become a customer. The laundry service, to be established in the basement of a youth care institution, could be operational within a few months. Stichting De Oude Beuk Foundation (DOB) is prepared to make an investment. Dozens of young people would be able to do an apprenticeship or find employment here.
For the second consecutive year, DOB supported the Big Brother Big Sister project initiated by Prof. Vidanovic. (Roma) Children from children’s homes are linked to students via the ‘buddy’ principle to do all sorts of activities in order to improve social integration.

In Novi Sad, a ‘Safe House’ was opened in December 2003. This concerns a short-term address for children in acute emergency situations. The intention is for the children to be moved on as soon as safely possible to either their own home or a foster home. This already constitutes a policy modification in a country where most children under care orders are taken in until their 18th birthday. DOB from the Netherlands contributed to purchasing the inventory. The Technical School is currently working on the production of playground equipment for the garden of the Safe House. At our invitation, a number of representatives of this school will do an apprenticeship with a playground equipment manufacturer in Oldebroek, the Netherlands. This will allow the apprentices to learn the tools and trade. According to NUSO information (a national organisation for play ground work), there is actually a market for hand-crafted (and therefore cheap) playground equipment in Eastern European countries.
The Novi Sad ‘Social Centre’ is responsible for the Safe House. This centre also took over the SOS Kinderdorf hairdresser shop. This company has been running for over a year now, and 6 girls have apprenticed as a hairdresser for shorter or longer periods. Experience shows that success rates vary. Some eventually found work in a very different line of business. However, the hairdresser shop was extended to comprise a solarium (good idea for waiting customers) and as of 1 June, the professional hairdresser, who has so far worked here at her own risk and expense, will be employed by the Social Centre.

At the end of 2003, we made our first visit to children’s homes in Pancevo, a suburban area in Belgrade with ubiquitous chemical industry, and Bela Crka, in the far east corner of Serbia. Ambitious plans for starting up young people in professions via integration projects have been prepared here. In Bela Crka (‘Little White Church’), the children’s home bakery intends to extend by increasing the number of machines in order to start baking for external customers. In the Spomenak (Forget-me-not) children’s home in Pancevo, the existing high level of ceramic skills will be used to establish a studio and gallery. Both projects are being realised at the moment and are expected to be ready for launch in the autumn.

In Bihac in Bosnia and Hercegovina, 8 young people moved into the apartments that were bought with our support (loan) to serve as supervised accommodation. The inhabitants attend a professional training course or apprenticeship, and two of them are students. Within about one year they are expected to be self-supporting. Subsequently, others can move into the supervised accommodation. For this project, local entrepreneurs have been approached to coach these young people, offering paid work when they prove to be suitable.
We visited the Mihatovici refugee camp near Tuzla for the third time. Meanwhile, mutual trust has been built up with a number of contacts within the camp (“we never see most visitors again after their first visit”). The council of inhabitants is currently preparing a proposal for an agricultural project. The situation in this camp, where many Srebrenica victims reside, has not improved. In this camp, we are cooperating with the Swiss Red Cross organisation, which has offered support here for years. Through our mediation, the school located within the camp has entered into a partnership with a primary school in Amsterdam. The children have entered into rather intensive correspondence and in January, a number of camp school employees (including the Director) paid a visit to the school in Amsterdam. After an incisive mutual question and answer session (“you live such a free life”), the children offered 1,000 euros collected via a Christmas campaign. The Tuzla school will use it to purchase sports equipment for their gym. We were able to accommodate the urgent need from the camp to enable the 13+ children to attend school. Since February, a shuttle operates between the camp and Tuzla (15 km) twice daily, allowing 60 children to attend secondary education thanks to financial support from the Netherlands. The intention is that the parents will pay a small fee after a few months/years and for private initiatives to be launched to set up an adoption / study fund.


In autumn we visited Macedonia for the first time. This country has been independent from Yugoslavia since 1991 and is dealing with all ubiquitous problems of a transition from a communist dictatorship to a democratic free market economy. During the annual Balkan conference, we had already been introduced to a number of representatives for youth care in this poor country with 2 million inhabitants. 66% of the population is of Macedonian origin, whereas 25% are Albanian. Especially Albanians and Romas are heavily represented in youth care. We visited a number of children’s homes, a juvenile penitentiary institution and an institution for mentally handicapped people in Skopje. With few exceptions, there is hardly any difference with the neighbouring countries Serbia and Bulgaria: poor quality and dilapidated accommodation and little perspective for young people. A number of institutions attempt to set up small enterprises.
For example, we found a cellar housing a mushroom nursery with a respectable harvest two to three times per year, which is then washed and cut to be sold to local pizzerias and restaurants. Another heart-warming occurrence was the establishment of Fice-Macedonia. By means of an organised Round Table Conference, the represented institutions were asked to become a member in order to help develop the youth care network in this country; the board members of Fice South Eastern Europe were in attendance, as well as representatives of other social organisations (including the Women’s Lib) and NGO’s. This happening attracted substantial media attention. Fice Macedonia is expected to join Fice South Eastern Europe.
We expect a proposal for a labour integration project from this country in the near future.

A few weeks ago (half April), we paid a visit to Bucharest. We stayed in an emergency shelter for street children as guests for five days. The problem of these children seems hopeless. The estimates vary, but it is certain that several thousands of children and young people live on the street in this city of millions, often in the sewer systems. Some shelter is available, but virtually uncoordinated. The Santa Macrina shelter was our host. This shelter was originally established as an initiative from the orthodox church. Gradually, other churches decided to participate and it is now called an oecumenical project. The shelter offers room for 25 children and young people, allowing them a resocialisation process via a specific, rather structured programme. Additionally, the centre has a ‘transitory reception area’ where about 80 children from the street report for clothing and food, after a generally mandatory shower and medical check.
Together with the Romhelp Foundation and another Swiss foundation, we are hoping to start up a ‘business and care’ project in the near future in the form of a small enterprise in second-hand goods.
Additionally, Aad Vroon is active in prevention projects for the Bucharest street children. With financial support from a service club from Amerongen, the Netherlands, kitchen equipment was donated to a school that set up day care for children from problem families. This concerns a cooperative project by Fice Rumania and Fice NL.
Some developments in Bulgaria can be reported. After long preparations and overcoming a substantial amount of red tape, building has started on a bakery in a suburban area of Sofia. This concerns a company allowing a large number of young people, specifically school drop-outs, to learn how to be a baker, with the perspective of a paid job.
A Dutch baker has made intensive preparations for over a year, cooperating closely with Fice Bulgaria. In Isperih, in the North East of Bulgaria, Aad Vroon cooperates closely with a number of Kinderhuis management teams and school boards. Thanks to the cooperation of a The Hague care home, a complete kitchen was delivered in Isperih. Additionally, a tile manufacturing project for underprivileged youths is being set up. Various schools cooperate to set up so-called Comenius projects, in collaboration with various other European countries. After some initial problems due to language barriers, knowledge transfer between the children’s home in Isperih and De Reggeberg in Hellendoorn, the Netherlands, is expected to start by next autumn.

Next summer, the fifth edition of the so-called Balkan dialogue will be held. This time, Banja Luka in the Republica Srpska will serve as the venue. The nature of these meetings has become increasingly practical and serves as a platform for mutual exchange regarding projects. In view of the decreasing available budget, the organisation will be taken over completely by Fice South Eastern Europe. The same applies to the simultaneous ‘Friendship Camp’ for young people from the entire area.

That concludes this spring report. As you may have concluded from the above, the projects primarily focus on stimulating employment, developing adequate foster care, further support for regional youth care networks and promoting bilateral contact between institutions in South Eastern Europe and Dutch youth care.


Zwolle, 1 May 2004.
Anton Tobé.

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Resolution to be addressed to National Authorities International and European Institutions.


We, the two thousand representatives from 35 countries of Asia, America and Europe, both international governmental and non-governmental organisations, professional jurists, social workers, psychologists and medical doctors and also legislative and executive organs of Government, gathered together at the initiative of the Governing Board of the Russian and International Charitable Fund for Aid to Children victims of Catastrophes and Wars, with the support of the Russian Federal and Moscow City Governments, at the First International Forum on “Children in Complex Emergencies” held in Moscow from the 14th to 16th of October 2003, do solemnly declare:
1. Based on the articles of the Convention on the Rights of the Child, as per Resolution 44 125 of the General Assembly of the United Nations of 20th November 1989 and related agreements, concerning the participation of children in armed conflicts, trade in children, child prostitution and child pornography,
2. Taking into account agreements reflected in the Global Declaration concerning the material well being, protection and development of children and the plan of action for its realisation, agreed on at the World Congress, of the highest level, concerning the rights of children on the 30th September 1990,
3. Based on the Resolution passed at the 53rd session of the General Assembly of the United Nations on the 10th of November 1998 concerning the “International 10 years for developing a Culture of Non-violence and Peace for the Benefit of the Children of the Planet” (2001-2010),
4. Admitting that children represent society’s most vulnerable element to factors menacing their lives and their health in the case of natural calamities, man made accidents, armed conflicts and acts of terrorism,
5. Admitting also that emergency situations when children are concerned are not only limited to those that directly lead to loss of physical health, but also include those situations which lead to mental suffering, resulting from neglect by adults as well as circumstances, leading children to run away from their parents and their homes and become “street children”,
6. Noting also that, for children, emergency situations appear through any aggression to their person, including sexual solicitation, forcing them to take drugs and alcohol, into prostitution, and to becoming child soldiers in armed conflicts,
7. Admitting that children are the most sensitive to harmful phenomena, including those leading to the development of socially transmitted illnesses such as AIDS and Tuberculoses,
8. Noting the menacing signs of mortality and sickness in children who are victims of emergency situations, which according to the data of the Children’s Fund of the United Nations, has lead to the death of 2 million children in the last 10 years, 6 million invalided and traumatised children and yearly almost 10 thousand child victims of land mines,
9. Taking into account the reduction in availability of highly qualified aid for children, especially in rural communities, but also in places of temporary habitation of migrant population and of refugees, where the number of children has attained 10-20 million,
10. Being convinced that the main task of adults should be to ensure the well being and protection of children from any type of aggression on the basis of a coordinated action of both governmental and non-governmental organisations, religious confessions, public and educational institutions, parents and family,

We address an appeal to the leaders and governments of all countries in the world:

1. To fully recognize the actions directed in the defence of the rights of children and those under emergency situations as a priority of the policies of governments,
2. To pass the appropriate national laws according to international conventions dealing with the rights of children in emergency situations,
3. To establish organs for the control of the observance of laws pertaining to the rights of children on a national level and to facilitate the establishment of these organs at the level of the United Nations,
4. To use political pressure and political isolation as well as the powers of international courts against those leaders of States and Governments who prevent the application of the laws relating to the protection of children in emergency situations, making them fully responsible for the children’s deaths or even their temporary loss of health,
5. To facilitate the preparation and realization of multi-faceted and complex systems for the resolution of the problems relating to the rights of children, and these to be united on a national level of effort of governmental and non-governmental organizations, religious movements, representatives of cultural, educational, medical and also law enforcement organs which are adapted to both the physiological, and the psychological characteristics specific to children.

We appeal to all peoples of the world:

1. To remember that the well being and the future happiness of our children to a large extent depends on those people in power and therefore to fully exercise our rights at all levels of the political spectrum, to vote for those representatives who are known to support the defence of children’s rights and programs that stipulate further perfection of systems for the protection of children from any form of aggression that can be envisaged,
2. To behave towards the children of others with the same love and generosity as to ones’ own children and to recognize that the children of all the world are all part of the same family that cannot be divided, neither by nationality, nor by religion, nor by social characteristics and that they all need our love and our protection (as well as the need to feel the presence of this love and protection).

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The Conference underlined the high priority to be given to initiatives concerning risk prevention for the benefit of children.

Consequently, it is proposed to focus our Resolution on four levels :
• legal aspect,
• ethics
• education and training including information and risk awareness of children,
• participation of the civil society for the prevention and protection of children, looking for synergy between the different recognized NGOs and their articulation with State Institutions.

Legal aspect

Considering the comparative analysis of the legislations on risk management, undertaken by the Council of Europe EUR-OPA Major Hazards Agreement, it is proposed to complement this study regarding the legal aspects dealing with children in complex emergencies in the different regions of the World. In particular for the Euro Mediterranean region, we ask the Ministry of Emergency Situations in the Russian Federation to present this proposal at the next Ministerial meeting of EUR-OPA Ministerial Session of December 11,12, 2003.

The participants of the other regions are requested to take the necessary steps for the implementation of the above proposal.

Ethics

Considering the work done by the Council of Europe concerning ethics of Disaster Medicine the participants request the President of the First World Forum to initiate a research program concerning ethics and paediatric aspects of Disaster Medicine in cooperation with the European Centre of Disaster Medicine in San Marino.

Education and training

For each country, in cooperation with the Ministry of Education, the Ministry of Emergency Situations, or Ministry of Interior…. initiatives have to be taken to launch in schools, security plans including risk prevention awareness of children, concerning natural risks, technological risks, health risks, domestic risks and instrumentation of violence.

At the University level the need has been underlined to create a medical speciality concerning the paediatrics aspects of Disaster Medicine. It is proposed in particular for Europe to initiate a Master on this speciality in cooperation with the European Centre on Disaster Medicine, similar initiatives could be taken in other regions of the World.

Professor Alexander A. Baranov and professor Leonid M. Roshal, the co chairmen of the Forum are requested to take an initiative in order to allow the civil society to participate with efficiency for the well-being of our children in emergency situations by in particular in looking for more synergy and cooperation between recognized NGO in this field and Public institutions concerned.

The participants ask the co-chairmen to take the necessary steps to launch an International Year for “Children in Complex Emergencies” in 2005 under the possible aegis of the United Nations. Results concerning the implementation of the Moscow First Forum will be presented during this Year.

The participants wish to express their deep gratitude to the President and the Organizers of the First Forum on “Children in Complex Emergencies” for their initiative and the efficient way in which the Forum was organized. They thank the organizers for their warm hospitality and the usefulness of the debate. The above mentioned contribution is fom Mr. Massue

Public schools are the vehicle : the « transport » where services to children are assured in almost all the circumstances. Contribution from Mr.Knowles